Santa Barbara

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​​​Santa Bárbara, town, northwestern Honduras. It lies in the hot lowlands near the Ulúa River and west of Lake Yojoa. It was founded in 1761 by settlers from Gracias. Santa Bárbara is a commercial centre.


The raising of livestock and the cultivation of sugarcane are the principal economic activities in the hinterland; palm hats, clothing, and furniture are made in the town. Ruins of the colonial city of Tencoa are nearby. Santa Bárbara is reached by a branch from the Inter-Oceanic Highway, and it has an airfield. Pop. (2001) 15,023.


Just north of Lake Yojoa and west of San Pedro Sula, the department of Santa Barbara offers a series of picturesque views, including a variety of colonial towns with a rich cultural heritage. The capital of the department is the City of Santa Barbara an old colonial city.

Because of its geographic location, Santa Barbara offers climatic conditions for growing coffee, which is the main staple in the area.

The Santa Barbara National Park, is the second highest peak in Honduras. Access to Santa Barbara is easy. If you are coming from Tegucigalpa, take the detour at Pitosolo, the town just before Lake Yojoa on the main highway between Tegucigalpa and San Pedro Sula.


From Pito Solo you are only about 45 kilometers south of Santa Barbara. If you are traveling from San Pedro Sula, take the Western highway, leading towards Santa Rosa de Copan, and when you get the detour at Ceibita, located 35 kilometers from San Pedro Sula, take the left detour, and you will find yourself in Santa Barbara after approximately 60 kilometers.

There are many different handicrafts produced in the surrounding. Of unique quality and artistic designs are the reed baskets. Other materials used in the elaboration of handicrafts are flat rush, corn husk, clay, palm leaf and wood.

Amongst the villages that produce the different handicrafts, the following are the most important: La Arada, which produces reed baskets, Gualjoco produces weaved purses, Nueva Celilac produces flowers and dolls from corn husks, Santa Rita and Ocotal produce baskets, Ceguaca and Los Bancos produce hats, and El Nispero and Nejapa produce petates.

You can take a very pleasant hike up into the mountain directly behind the town, up to an old colnonial building known locally as the Castillo Bogran. From this old ruin, you will enjoy spectacular view of Santa Barbara, many of the surrounding villages as well as parts of the mighty Ullua River that flows down this beautiful valley.

Visit Balneario La Torre, a local swimming spot that is extremely popular not only with the local population. People from around the country visit Santa Barbara to go the Balneario. On occasions, they have live bands playing music and having one big party. Food and drinks are all available on the premises.




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Santa Bárbara es uno de los dieciocho departamentos que componen la división política de la república de Honduras


El departamento de Santa Bárbara fue uno de los siete departamentos originalmente creados por el primer jefe de estado de Honduras, Licenciado don Dionisio de Herrera el 28 de junio de 1825.


Posteriormente, siendo Presidente Domingo Vásquez realizó una división al departamento y creó el departamento de Cortés en fecha 4 de julio de 1893.


Su capital departamental es a ciudad de Santa Bárbara, la población de este departamento es de aproximadamente unos 400,000 habitantes.


En la primera división política del Estado de Honduras, realizada en 1825, el territorio de Santa Bárbara era mucho más extenso y abarcaba una parte de lo que hoy es el departamento de Cortés.

Actualmente el territorio santabarbarense, limita así: Al norte limita con la República de Guatemala, al sur con los departamentos de Lempira, Intibucá y Comayagua y al oeste nuevamente con Guatemala y Copán dividido por la sierra montañosa del Espíritu Santo.


Este departamento, está dividido en 28 municipios y posee unas 312 aldeas y más de 1000 caseríos, se encuentra localizado en la parte noroccidental de Honduras.

Municipios

Arada, Atima, Azacualpa, Ceguaca, Chinda, Concepción del Norte, Concepción del Sur, El Nispero, Gualala, Ilama, Las Vegas, Macuelizo, Naranjito, Nueva Frontera, Nuevo Celilac Petoa, Protección, Quimistán, San Francisco de Ojuera, San José de Colinas, San Luis, San Marcos, San Nicolás, San Pedro Zacapa, Santa Bárbara, Santa Rita, an Vicente Centenario, Trinidad


Economía

Las tierras en su mayoría están destinadas a la agricultura, ganadería, café. La industria artesanal comprende la elaboración de sombreros de junco, alfombras de palma, cordelería, alfarería, entre otros. La Minería esta presente con el yacimiento subterráneo más grande de Centroamérica, como lo es la Mina de El Mochito.